Plasma
  • plasma screen TVs are actually using plasma in their screens which is why they sometimes buzz and interfere with am radio
  • by far the most common state of matter
  • electrically conductive because it does not bond to atoms or ions
  • can be made by heating and ionizing a gas
  • the sun is plasma because the hydrogen and helium are so hot they turn to plasma
Lightning
  • a leader of a lightning bolt, which is , can travel at 140,000 mph
  • can contain up to one billon volts of lightning
  • because of rain, snow, or ice colliding in the lower part of the cloud the cloud is charged negatively and earth is charged positive basically making a giant spark between them
  • something called a step ladder, when talking about lightning is literly a step like increments of negative charge down to earth
  • each increment is approximately 150 feet long
  • a type of lightning called ball lightning is a small, charged sphere that floats, glows, and bounces along oblivious to the laws of gravity or physics, still puzzles scientists
  • thunder is caused because the heat from the lightning vibrates the air making you hear thunder after lightning or without lightning thunder can come from fronts colliding
  • all in all lightning is plasma because the air around it, which is a gas, changes to plasma from heat and electricity
aurora
  • caused by solar wind hitting magnetic field
  • reason north and south is because that is the only opening in the magnetic field
  • comes in waves giving it a shockwave shape


http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/ligseq.html
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/lightning-profile
http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenotesl3/a/statesmatter.htm
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=lightning+diagram&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&biw=1024&bih=419&tbm=isch&tbnid=fNGvzIiqthvsrM:&imgrefurl=http://www.centennialofflight.gov/2003FF/lightning/types.html&docid=jOk3O-T-1oOIrM&imgurl=http://www.centennialofflight.gov/2003FF/lightning/clouddiagram.jpg&w=592&h=585&ei=4FLKToPgFofh0QGb19Am&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=172&sig=104208327826775627966&page=1&tbnh=103&tbnw=102&start=0&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=57&ty=24


http://www.google.com/imgres?q=plasma&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1024&bih=419&tbm=isch&tbnid=_2p4tJ5u5Ib8NM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(physics)&docid=C2a0NM8kCKx52M&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/26/Plasma-lamp_2.jpg/300px-Plasma-lamp_2.jpg&w=300&h=304&ei=jFPKTrCWKKne0QHAxrkJ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=141&sig=104208327826775627966&page=1&tbnh=103&tbnw=102&start=0&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=41&ty=39